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About Mango




Mango general information


Mango (Mangifera indica L.) considered as ‘King of fruits’, is the most important commercially grown fruit of India due to its wide range of adaptability, high nutritive value, richness in variety, delicious taste and excellent flavour.  It is a rich source of vitamin A and C. The fruit, utilized raw or ripe, is well-liked by the people and has great export potential. Raw fruits are used for preparing various products like raw slices in brine, amchur, pickle, murabba, chutney, sharbat etc. while ripe fruits are relished as table fruit and used for processing into a variety of juice preparations such as squashes, ready to serve beverages etc. Good mango varieties contain about 20% total soluble solids in their pulp. The acid content of ripe desert fruits varies from 0.2 to 0.5% and protein content is about 1%. Mango has medicinal uses also. Ripe fruit has fattening, diuretic and laxative properties. Mango kernel contains about 8 to10% good quality fat which can be used for saponification while its starch is used in confectionery industry. The wood of mango trees is used as timber, and dried twigs as firewood. Due to its importance, mango is grown widely in varying agro-climatic conditions ranging from tropical to sub-tropical and humid to semi-arid.

            India ranks first among world’s mango producing countries with 2.50 million hectares cultivated area and 18.0 million tonnes production during 2012-13. Mango accounts for 35.8 and 22.1 per cent of the country’s fruit acreage and fruit production, respectively. Other major mango producing countries include China, Thailand, Mexico, Pakistan, Philippines, Indonesia, Brazil, Nigeria and Egypt. About 55,585 tonnes of fresh mangoes valued at Rs 2647 million were exported from India during 2012-13 with a share of 5.20 per cent in the global experts to countries like UAE, Bangladesh, UK, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Nepal, Bahrain, Oman, USA, Singapore, Switzerland, France and Japan. About 1,47,816 tonnes of mango pulp valued at Rs 6085.6 million was also exported to countries like Saudi Arabia, Yemen, The Netherlands, UAE, USA, Sudan, Kuwait, UK etc.